The Nagorno Karabakh Republic is located in the southeastern part of the Lesser Caucasus. The average altitude - 1100 meters above sea level. Many small and large rivers flow in Artsakh. The biggest are Tartar, Khachen, Kar-Kar, Hakar and Inge, also river Araks running along the Iranian border. Vardenis and Syunik mountain ridge stretches from north to south along the western border of Nagorno-Karabakh, and then divided, stretch from west to east. Mrav mountain range stretches along the north side, with the highest mountain peaks Gomshasar (3724 m) and Mrov (3343 m).
Climate of Artsakh is moderately soft, close to the dry subtropical climate. The average annual temperature in Celsius is 10.5 above zero. The hottest months - July and August, during these months the average temperature is 22 degrees. Rain falls mainly in the May-June and September-October. Thunderstorms and hail are also common during this period.
The flora of the Nagorno-Karabakh diverse - there grow more than two thousand species of plants. In the steppe areas located at an altitude of 300-350 meters above sea level, mainly dominate the plants typical for semi-desert. Herbaceous plants predominate in the foothill and mountain areas. Forests growing on 36% of the territory or 160 thousand hectares are the wealth of Artsakh.
The fauna is also very diverse. Gazelles wild goats, pigs are found in the lowlands,. The forests are home to brown bears, wolves, wild cats, lynx, foxes, hares, squirrels, moles and boars. Wild geese, ducks, partridges, magpies, crows, sparrows, pigeons, vultures, cuckoos, doves, woodpeckers, larks, owls and some other kinds of birds are also prevalent in the territory of Artsakh.