The Artsakh Republic is located in the southeastern part of the Lesser Caucasus surrounded by neighboring countries of Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan. This part of the Lesser Caucasus is full of picturesque landscapes, pleasant climate and diverse fauna. It seems like nature is so harmonious here.
The average altitude is 1100 meters above sea level. Many small and large rivers flow in Artsakh. The biggest ones are Tartar, Khachen, Kar-Kar, Hakar and Inge, also river Araks running along the Iranian border.
As for mountain ridges, Vardenis and Syunik Mountain ridge stretches from north to south along the western border of Artsakh, and then divided, stretches from west to east. Mrav mountain range stretches along the north side, with the highest mountain peaks Gomshasar (3724 m) and Mrov (3343 m).
Climate of Artsakh is quite soft, close to the dry subtropical climate. The average annual temperature in Celsius is 10.5 above zero. The hottest months are July and August, during these months the average temperature is 24 degrees. Rain falls mainly in the May-June and September-October. Thunderstorms and hail are also common during this period. But in general, the weather is almost perfect! You have the chance to witness the 4 seasons with their typical expressions.
When it comes to the flora of Artsakh, we can say it’s quite diverse with more than two thousand species of plants. In the steppe areas located at an altitude of 300-350 meters above sea level, mainly dominate the plants typical for semi-desert. Herbaceous plants predominate in the foothill and mountain areas. Forests growing on 36% of the territory with 160 thousand hectares are the wealth of Artsakh making it a bio-friendly country.
The fauna with gazelles, wild goats, pigs that are found in the lowlands, is also impressive. The forests are home to brown bears, wolves, wild cats, lynx, foxes, hares, squirrels, moles and boars. Wild geese, ducks, partridges, magpies, crows, sparrows, pigeons, vultures, cuckoos, doves, woodpeckers, larks, owls and some other kinds of birds are also prevalent in the territory of Artsakh. So you can meet these cute creatures if you are a fan of fauna. In fact, Artsakh geography with its content is so raw, natural and real. You can experience here emotions that will embrace you with caress and let you feel the real earth under your feet.