Despite the fact that Artsakh borders with three countries - the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Islamic Republic of Iran - for tourists, still the main route to Artsakh passes through Armenia. The first highway connecting Yerevan with Stepanakert passes through the southern regions of Armenia, the cities of Yeghegnadzor, Vayk, Goris, and the second highway passes through Lake Sevan, Vardenis. The length of the route is approximately 350 km, duration runs in the range of 4 to 6 hours. The main highway is in good condition and works year round.
Every day, from 8:00 am with an interval of 1 hour the buses and minibuses travel to Stepanakert from the Central bus station Kilikia in Yerevan. Ticket price is 5,000 drams (about 10US dollars). Also, from the station, travelers can hire four-seated cab. The fare for a taxi to Stepanakert is about 18 US dollars per passenger. The taxi leaves when picking up four passengers. You can also rent a separate car for about 90$.
For entry to the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic foreign citizens must have a valid passport and the NKR entry visa and visa fee paid. Entry visa (permission) of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic may be obtained in the NKR representation in Armenia, as well as in Stepanakert in the NKR Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A 21-day tourist visa of the Republic of Artsakh is free and can be obtained at border points upon entering the country.
The official language of the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) is the Armenian literary language. In everyday life the population speaks Artsakhian dialect of the Armenian language, which considerably differs from the literary language. Many old Armenian words, roots of Arabian, Persian origin, as well as Russian words are used in it. The vast majority of the population fluently speaks Russian. Signs and advertising posters in public places are mainly trilingual – Armenian, Russian and English. Traffic signs almost everywhere are bilingual – Armenian and English, so Russian-speaking tourists will not experience any language barrier while visiting Artsakh.