Glorious walls of the Middle Ages Askeran fortress are visible on the approach to the town, already from the road leading to Tigranakert Reserve, 14 km east of Stepanakert.
Glorious walls of the Middle Ages Askeran fortress (also known as Mayraberd) are visible from the road leading to Tigranakert Reserve, 14 km east of Stepanakert.
Historical studies indicate that Mayraberd was built in the 18th century by Armenians, residents of the Varanda and Khachen melikdoms. There was an Armenian village called Mayraberd in the Middle Ages.
The fortress consists of two departments - complexes, northwest and southeast. The northern part of the construction is the citadel, enclosed in 4 identical towers. On the right side, the main complex with a length of about 220 meters consists of round towers interconnected by narrow passages. The walls of the fortress are 2 meters thick and 9 meters high. Defensive construction extends more than 1.5 kilometers along both banks of the river Kar-Kar.
Askeran was part of the Armenian principality of Varanda, geographically representing itself as a gate from where at that time the Turks could enter Artsakh, which served as a short way for them to control Shushi.
This fortress played an important defensive role during the Armenian-Tatar clashes in 1905 - 1906, respectively, and the Turkish raids in 1918 - 1920 years. The Armenian troops led by Arshavir Petrosyan, Mikael (Ghazar) Badalkyokhyan successfully managed to recapture the Turks from Askeran, making them fail to implement their plan of capturing Shushi.
Askeran fortress played a significant role at all stages of the Armenian liberation movement. It continued its historical mission from the past to the end of the 20th century. Today you can feel all the power of this impressive construction, walking through its narrow passages and high walls.