Tigranakert

One of the four cities of the same name founded by order of Tigran the Great in 1 cc. BC. , Tigranakert of Artsakh, was first mentioned in the 7th century.

Tigranakert of Artsakh, one of the four cities of the same name founded by order of Tigran the Great in 1 cc. BC., was first mentioned in the 7th century. Tigranakert is surrounded by mighty strong walls and passages, punched in the rocks. A majestic white city, entirely built of local white limestone and surrounded in green gardens, lasted until the 14th century.

The excavations have revealed the details of buildings of a large and strong city, heading a rich cultural life.  It was found that Tigranakert, following the example of the classical medieval cities had fortified quarter, cultural and handicraft centre, extensive agricultural suburb. When choosing the location of the future city, it was taken into account the proximity to the sources, which made it possible to solve the problem of water supply.

Fortified quarter is located at the foot of the mountain Vankasar. An altitude of 290 m above sea level, there is a small cross-shaped church Vankasar, with a dome of the 5th century in the centre. On the walls of the church you can find the Armenian letters, in the past there were khachkars.. From Vankasar church opens a picturesque view.

In the southern part of the valley is the central area, the existence of which is confirmed by the remains of buildings, fragments of medieval pottery and glass.

 At the very top of the fortified quarter rises a citadel. The citadel serves as an archaeological museum, where exhibits a collection of artifacts found during the excavations.

Next to the excavation site is the fortress of the late middle Ages. Rectangular fort, reinforced at the corners with tall towers, was built in the period of Persian rule.

For the preservation of Armenian historical and cultural heritage of the early Middle Ages, in December 2008 at the site of the ancient city of Tigranakert was established the State Historical and Cultural Reserve.