The cave, located near the village of Azokh, is one of the most famous ancient shelters of prehistoric man in the world. State Reserve "Azokh cave" was established since 2014.
The shelter of ancient man has many entries and exits, six large rooms in the form of a labyrinth, the largest area of which is 3,000 square meters. Here for the first time in so-called offshore mineral layers were found stone working and hunting tools, cave paintings of prehistoric man, who lived here for more than three hundred thousand years ago, showing the first attempts to learn the world through culture, as well as traces of the flora and fauna of the period.
At the southern entrance to the cave, at a depth of seven meters, archaeologists discovered a large part Neanderthal jaw. The discovery of the remains of the first owners of Azokh cave is undoubtedly a great scientific significance of the phenomenon. Prior to that, the remains of Neanderthal man have been found in only four regions of the world - Sidi Abd Eragmene (Morocco), Steinheim (Germany), Spanokombe (England) and Sediadelle Diabolon (Italy). Jaw of Neanderthal found in the cave Azokh in the scientific literature is designated number five. Azokh discovery is of great importance not only for the restoration of the physical image of the ancient Neanderthal, but also confirms the statement of scientists that Armenia and the Caucasus are among the areas of residence and origin of ancient man. At the end of the 19th century, a stone statue of a woman in national costume was discovered in the cave. Until now, in the cave was found more than 20 thousand bones of 43 different species of animals, about six thousand of stone tools, traces of primitive art, pottery.
Of great scientific interest is also a colony of bats (about 200,000 individuals) living in the maze of caves. There are found five types here, some of which are only found in a cave Azokh. "Treasure Cave" has not opened all its secrets. Since 2003, this large settlement of prehistoric man is systematically studied by Armenian-English-Spanish archaeological expedition.