История

One of the most beautiful corners of Republic of Artsakh (Mountainous Karabakh), the Shoushi plateau has been populated by our ancestors since ancient times. Archaeological excavations have revealed cultural artifacts from the Hellenistic period and early Middle Ages. By the end of the first millennium CE, protective constructions had already been erected on the plateau. The Shoushi fortress was built in the beginning of the 18th century, and developed a richly populated settlement because of its convenient location on the primary caravan routes that connect Armenia and Iran. During Karabakh's time as a part of the Persian Empire, Shoushi began to develop as a market city and trade center. During the century of peaceful existence that started when Eastern Armenia, including Karabakh, became part of the Russian Empire in 1806, craft traditions blossomed and construction expanded. In 1847 Shoushi became known as the City with Arms.

By the beginning of the 20th century Shoushi was a city with all the European conveniences: water pipes, drains, paved streets and sidewalks, and well-developed cultural, commercial and industrial life. 20 newspapers and magazines in the Armenian language have been published in Shoushi, along with 2  publications in the Russian language. Six schools functioned, including the Real School, the first single-sex school (single-gender school) for females called Mariamyan Eparchial School in Southern Caucasus. The Khandamiryan Drama Theatre have put on plays of Armenian and European authors for audiences of up to 350 people. World-renowned Artsakh silks, carpets, jewelry, ornaments and other luxury goods were produced in 570 craft workshops. Shoushi's two markets have stunned travelers with their richness and bright eastern colors.

Gandzasar

By the beginning of the 20th century Shoushi was a city with all the European conveniences: water pipes, drains, paved streets and sidewalks, and well-developed cultural, commercial and industrial life. 20 newspapers and magazines in the Armenian language have been published in Shoushi, along with 2  publications in the Russian language. Six schools functioned, including the Real School, the first single-sex school (single-gender school) for females called Mariamyan Eparchial School in Southern Caucasus. The Khandamiryan Drama Theatre have put on plays of Armenian and European authors for audiences of up to 350 people. World-renowned Artsakh silks, carpets, jewelry, ornaments and other luxury goods were produced in 570 craft workshops. Shoushi's two markets have stunned travelers with their richness and bright eastern colors.