Stepanakert is the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic it has an ancient history. The first settlements on the site date back to the 3-2 millennium BC. During the archaeological excavations conducted by Emil Rosler in the XIX century, there were found many high-value artifacts, some of which are in major museums of the world. In the middle of the century on the site of the present capital of Karabakh was a village Vararakn, so named because of the spring which flowed through the village. An ancient village inn miraculously remained to present days. Old buildings, vivid examples of the ancient housing, can also be found in the city. Walking around the quiet streets of the old town, where many old houses are converted into shops, selling all and everything, the tourists really feel the energy of the Armenian town of XIX - early XX centuries.