Princely Palace of Dizak Melikdom
The palace complex of Melik Yegan is situated in the village of Togh, the Hadrut province of Artsakh. The complex is a rare and fascinating model of the Armenian civil architecture of the 18th century. Armenian meliks (princely title) of the Dizak melikdom - Yegans lived in the palace complex.
The palace complex is situated in the center of Togh village, covering a territory of 1 hectare and consisting of partially preserved buildings for various purposes - the main building with a reception hall, a public dwelling, other residential premises, and utility buildings. The palace has a rectangular shape - 38 meters wide, and 13.24 meters in length. From 2009, archaeological and restoration work has been ongoing here.
The complex is listed as a tourist reserve, the caretaker of which is a descendant of the Yeganyan family - Alexander Yeganyan.
The uniqueness of the complex, in the architectural and historical aspect, lies in the fact that here you can pursue the stages of evolution and transformations in construction equipment for nearly a three-hundred-year period. Throughout the excavation, numerous multifunctional structures were discovered that relate to different periods from the beginning of the 18th century to the first half of the 20th century. Despite the changes that the complex undergone during numerous reconstructions, the main (Melik) part of the palace remained nearly unchanged.
Living and guest rooms are situated in three different places, fronting the yard and connected by a fortress wall. In the north-eastern part of the complex is a two-story building with two rooms on the first floor and a large room with a balcony on the second. The ground rooms are arched stone halls with windows, stone doorways, and niches in the walls. These are the earliest buildings.
In the western part of the palace complex is presumably the main building with a facade of pure hewn white stone with a balcony and columns. The walls of the ground floor are a continuation of the fortress wall. The ground floor of the room is equipped with fireplaces and deep niches. In addition to the main entrance on the west side, there are two more entrances from the east. The living room of the palace (reception hall) is located above the main entrance and is located above other buildings.
Throughout the excavations, various archaeological materials were found here - ceramic products, metal tools, weapons, objects from Iran and Central Asia. Of particular historical value is an inscription of 22 lines, embossed on the portal of the surviving court building. The inscription narrates about the merits of the powerful Artsakh melik Yegan.
According to historians, the personality of Melik Yegan is not less fascinating. According to the evidence and chronicles that have reached us, Melik Yegan was an extraordinary and even exceptional personality. Gifted with diplomatic talent and intelligence, over the years of his rule, he managed to secure the support of the Persian Shah Nader and received melikdom in 1736. Thus, he was able to ensure the safety of 5 principalities. The status of Prince of Princes assigned to him granted him power over all the princes of Artsakh.
Today on the territory of the complex, there is a museum with exhibits from excavation materials. The Artsakh Wine Festival is held here every year on the 3rd Saturday of September.